I Nyoman Giri Prasta, S.Sos Drs. I Ketut Suiasa, SH
The Regent Of Badung
Nambangan was said to be the name of the Regency before Badung was forged by Gusti Ngurah Made Pemecutan in the late 18th century. He was aided by the magical kriss and whip and conquered Mengwi and Jembrana in 1810. He was succeeded by two other “Rajas” of whom the demise seems to have been engineered by the successor, presumably the brother, Raja Kesiman, who ruled through the crucial years of 1829 to 1863. He showed himself to be predisposed to the world beyond Bali and gave cause for hope to the Dutch. The Dutch were allowed to set up recruiting stations at Kuta in 1826, in return for handsome bounties that were allotted from the response from the recruiting stations.
Kuta is also the place where Captain Cornelis de Houtman and his crews pitched camp in 1557, when 20,000 Balinese troops were on the way to defend Blambangan from the encroaching Moslem of Mataram kingdom.
In 1904, a Chinese ship “ Sri Komala” ran ashore off Sanur, under the Dutch flag. The Dutch accused the local people of stripping the wreck of its contents and claimed that the raja should pay for all the losses and damages totaling three thousand silver dollars as well as punish the culprits. The refusal of raja to pay the compensation, caused the sixth Military expedition to Bali on September 20th, 1906. They were greeted by crowds, all dressed in white costumes, who were ready to die at “Puputan.” Commanded by the raja, his priests, his generals, and all his relatives, men and woman adorned themselves with jewels and the dress of the warrior, and set out amidst the battle. Abided by his religion, the ultimate goal of the warrior is to die in battle, and then the soul may ascend to heaven. The town of Denpasar, which consists of 3 Kecamatan (districts) used to be part of Badung Regency before it was assigned to be the municipality on February 27, 1992.
Land and Community
The Regency of Badung, which is located between 08 degrees south latitude and 115 degrees east longitude, is shaped liked a “kriss”. The Regency, which has only 418.52 square kilometers of land, is divided into six districts (kecamatan), 40 administrative villages (desa dinas and Kelurahan), and as many as 117 traditional villages (desa adapt). Those villages are again subdivided into as many as 297 smaller community groups known as “Dusun”, and 498 “Banjar”. Each Banjar in the Regency has a Youth Organization named “Sekaa Teruna Teruni” (STT). The total population of Badung Regency is approximately 280,000 people, with the average density of 672 people per square kilometer. In compliance with the state objective, the harmony between material and spiritual development must be equal. The governmental structure down to the rural villages play an important role in keeping this balance.
The Government programs also encourage people to consciously take an active part in all development fields, regardless of one’s gender. As the Regency is headed by Regent (Bupati), the Districts headed by Pak Camat, Desa, and Dusun are headed by perbekel (Lurah) and Klian Banjar / Kepala Dusun. In this five year term development, Badung is divided into three Development Territories.
North Badung : Includes Districts of Petang and Abiansemal, centered in Blahkiuh. The priority here is agriculture in broad term, as well as ground conservation
Central Badung : Covers the whole Mengwi District with food crops, agriculture, and home industries as the priorities.
South Badung : Tourism industry, education, and commercial development are the priorities in this area which include Kuta, Nusa Dua, Tanjung Benoa, Bukit, Jimbaran, and Kedonganan.
Agriculture and industries (especially the home and small – scale industries) that support the tourism sector are likely to be intensively expanded. Extension in the tourism sector has become the main sector to strengthen foreign exchange devisa, employment, equity, of earnings, and private businesses, all of which increase the overall welfare of the community.