Galungan and Kuningan Day

Galungan Day is one of the Hindu religious ceremonies as a symbol of victory dharma (virtue) against adharma (evil). The word "Galungan" itself is imitative from the old Javanese means "win." The Word of Galungan also has a similar meaning to "Dungulan" which means victorious.

The celebration of Galungan is celebrated every 210 days according to the Hindu calendar and is always celebrated on Wednesday. The list of celebration is held for ten consecutive days and closed with Kuningan Holiday. That's why the greeting for those who celebrate it, is with the phrase "Happy Galungan and Kuningan Day." During the Galungan ceremony, The Ngelawang ceremony is usually held in the village by deploying a Barong dance that is meant to be restoring the balance between good and evil in the house.

Typical of Galungan celebration in Bali is Balinese will be "decorated"  and look lively. You will see rows of penjor along the island of Bali as well as near the entrance of the edge decorated with janur (palm leaves). For Balinese, penjor is the symbol of "montain" providing safety and well-being.


Kuningan Day is celebrated every 210 days or 6 months according to Balinese calendar, exactly on Saniscara Kliwon Wuku Kuningan. (1 month of Balinese calendar = 35 days). This feast comes ten days after Galungan. It is a special holy day where the ancestors who are after a few days being with the family will return to heaven. As a closing sequence of Galungan ritual, Kuningan also marks the return of the Gods and ancestors to their nature. Hindu community in Bali believes if the ceremony for the feast of Kuningan should be finished before noon; the time of Gods, Lord (Bhatara) and Pitara come back to heaven.


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